Nigeria is a country with an established multi-party system. Usually the political environment is made up of two large political groups. INEC reports that the development of political parties in Nigeria is quite active. Today, there are 35 officially registered parties. But what are they?
Political realities of Nigerian government in 2017
Nigeria has a federal constitutional form of government. The executive right belongs to the President. He the country’s leader and the head of the multi-party system.
The most popular parties are the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) that forms the opposition in Nigeria currently and the ruling party – the All Progressives Congress (APC). There are two operating parties in the 36 states of the country. While PDP has 125 seats in the House of Representatives, APC possesses 225.
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A similar balance can be seen in the Senate. APC takes 60 seats and PDP takes only 49. The same goes for the party memberships of the 36 state governors: 11 are from PDP, 24 are from APC and 1 is from All Progressives Grand Alliance.
As it was mentioned above, the Federal Republic of Nigeria has two main political parties. It is not a surprise that the leaders of these parties are very well known in the country. Let us start from the leader of APC, John Odigie Oyegun.
Mr. Oyegun was born in Warri, in 1939. He graduated from the University of Ibadan with a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics. Afterwards, his career started with a civil service role in the department of development planning.
He served as civilian governor from 1992 to 1993. After General Sani Abacha took over, Oyegun was removed from the governing office. Later on, he took the leadership role of the All Nigeria Peoples Party.
John Oyegun has been the elected national chairman for APC since 2014.
The chairman of the PDP, Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi, was born in 1956. He graduated from the School of the Basic Studies where he obtained a Bachelor’s Diploma in Accounting. He worked as a Lecturer of Accounting studies between 1987-1993. During this period he acquired a Master’s Degree in Accounting.
He served as the governor of Kaduna State between 1999 and 2007. In 2007, he won the elections and became a Senator for Kaduna North.
In 2011, Makarfi won the elections on the platform of the PDP. In 2016 took the post of PDP Chairman until he was replaced by Ali Modu Sherrif. However, after verdict of the Apex Court he was reinstated in the position.
The list of all the political parties in Nigeria
- All Democratic Peoples Movement
- Alliance for Democracy
- Action Democratic Party
- African Renaissance Party
- Communist Party of Nigeria
- Citizens Popular Party
- Conscience People’s Congress
- Advanced Congress of Democrats
- New Generations Party of Nigeria
- Democratic Socialist Movement
- Fresh Democratic Party
- People’s Democratic Party
- Young Progressive Party
- Democratic Alternative
- New Democrats
- People’s Salvation Party
- Labour Party
- Masses Movement of Nigeria
- (aa) ACTION ALLIANCE
- National Democratic Party
- National Conscience Party
- People Progressive Party
- Social Democratic Party
- Progressive Peoples Alliance
- United Progressive Party )
- Advanced Peoples Democratic Alliance
- United Nigeria People’s Party
- Socialist Party of Nigeria
The date for the upcoming General elections is scheduled for February, 2019. The elective process will concern both the Presidency and the National Assembly. During the last six months of 2018 the Presidential Primaries are going to be held.
Up until the moment of inauguration of the new President, Muhammadu Buhari, who has been holding this post since 2015, is still considered the President. The inauguration itself will take place on May, 2019.